Patent reform act stirs mixed emotions in science circles

first_img The first-to-file system positioned by the America Invents Act is praised because it keeps things simple. If you filed for the patent first, you get the patent protection. The idea is to speed the patent process and stimulate innovation.Supporters also praise the reform because the patent office is to have the authority to set its own fees and have access to money it collects from patent and trademark applicants. The result, they say, is that the office will be better able to hire more patent examiners and upgrade its technology systems.David Kappos, director of the patent office, said the overhaul was going to give his agency the tools to deliver cutting-edge technologies to the marketplace sooner, drive down the backlog of patent applications, and speed up the issuance of patents “without adding a dime to the deficit.” Washington supporters foresee more spinoffs and in turn more new hires. The Act’s supporters say it could create 200,000 jobs.As vocal as the praise is for this reform, critics have stepped up to complain that the Act will do little good for inventors. Opinion pieces and press statements have cast their shadows over the Senate vote. The Electronic Frontier Foundation has said that the reform will not move any mountains for the kinds of people it represents, small-scale innovators and individuals Other technology critics voiced similar views, in that detractors felt it is big technology firms that will have unfair advantage to file first. Inventors at large companies that employ patent lawyers can more easily rush to file applications with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. Critics also doubt whether the Act will help create as many jobs as is claimed, unless they are counting lawyers too.A dividing line about the efficacy of patents in supporting innovation, meanwhile, further divides attitudes toward the new America Invents Act. There are strong convictions amongst software developers that development is cumulative, compatibility with existing data formats is essential and collaborative efforts work out best. The public wiki End Software Patents is a case in point.”The reform we need is legislation clarifying to the courts that software is not patentable,” says the ESP site. Many professionals in biomedical industries, in contrast, say that they need protection from patents to make sure competitors don’t feed off their efforts.A number of academic groups have welcomed the legislation. They think it will help inventors at universities better compete in the global market. That is the thought expressed in a statement from university groups including the Association of American Universities, Association of American Medical Colleges, and the Association of University Technology Managers. (PhysOrg.com) — The Senate on Thursday approved (by a vote of 89-9) the America Invents Act. The Act is being hailed as a substantial overhaul of the U.S. patent system. The America Invents Act changes the way one can obtain patents to a new “first to file” system replacing the old “first to invent” system. The move is seen as a way to curtail wasteful court disputes where warring parties fight over who invented what first. The Leahy-Smith America Invents Act, as it is formally called, is being championed as the answer to what was wrong, for decades, in the patent process. Explore further © 2011 PhysOrg.com This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.center_img More information: leahy.senate.gov/press/press_r … C4-82F2-986318A17B6D US Congress sends Obama major patent overhaul Citation: Patent reform act stirs mixed emotions in science circles (2011, September 10) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-09-patent-reform-emotions-science-circles.htmllast_img read more

Reach out and touch 3D characters with RePro3D w video

first_img This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Shown at CEDEC 2011, Japan’s conference for computer entertainment developers, a team member described their technique: “We use retro-reflective projection technology, using materials with special retro-reflective characteristics. This kind of material reflects light that enters back at the same angle it entered. Using this technology enables a display to show images at a different place from the light source.”A user’s tactile device worn on the fingers is designed to enhance the sensation of touching the objects on a 3-D screen. The team wrote about their project vision last year, in a paper which appeared in Proceedings: SIGGRAPH Emerging Technologies. They said at the time that, in 3-D display research, they are not alone. “In recent years, many 3D display methods that enable parallax images to be seen with the naked eye have been developed. In addition, there has been an increase in research to design interfaces that enable humans to intuitively interact with and operate 3D objects using their hands.” The problem with these attempts is that creating a sensation of being able to touch a screen object is easy to imagine but is difficult to implement.Some impediments have been conventional screen shapes restricted to flat panels. It has been hard to match perfect positions and images that users were touching on the display, they wrote. “We propose a novel full-parallax 3-D display system that is suitable for interactive 3D applications.”When a user looks at the screen through a half mirror, he or she, without the use of glasses, can view a 3-D image that has motion parallax. We can choose the screen shape depending on the application. Image correction according to the screen shape is not required. Consequently, we can design a touch-sensitive soft screen, a complexly curved screen, or a screen with an automatically moving surface.”In the future, they plan to build a touchable 3-D display system that expands the size of the visible image, so that multiple people can be in the same space, and can share the same image. Explore further Japanese Researchers Develop Portable 3D Display System via Diginfo More information: © 2011 PhysOrg.com Citation: Reach out and touch 3D characters with RePro3D (w/ video) (2011, September 17) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-09-lonely-gamers-repro3d-characters-video.html (PhysOrg.com) — Lonely gamers who have felt the pain of being separated by a screen from their favorite personalities now have a way to reach out and touch their game characters, and that new way is RePro3D. A group of researchers from Keio University in Japan have come up with a 3-D screen that lets the user, glasses-free, see and “touch” characters on the screen. The word “touch” is in quotes because the technology is about a 3-D parallax display with infrared camera that recognizes the movements of the user’s hand and the character on the screen reacts to the movements instantly. last_img read more

Flexible paperbased supercapacitor could improve performance of hybrid electric vehicles

first_img Journal information: Applied Physics Letters Flexible, solid-state supercapacitors in two shapes, and one supercapacitor being bent by more than 90 degrees. Image credit: Hu, et al. ©2012 American Institute of Physics This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore further More information: Shan Hu, et al. “Flexible solid-state paper based carbon nanotube supercapacitor.” Applied Physics Letters 100, 104103 (2012). DOI: 10.1063/1.3691948 Paper-thin supercapacitor has higher capacitance when twisted than any non-twisted supercapacitor For the electrolyte, the researchers mixed and heated a polymer solution that originally looked like a clear, glue-like gel. But after dipping the finished electrodes into the gel, assembling the electrodes face-to-face and allowing everything to dry, the excess water evaporated and the electrolyte solidified.“The greatest significance of our work is that it has resulted in a flexible and solid-state supercapacitor,” Rajamani said. “Other researchers have previously used carbon nanotubes in the electrodes for supercaps. However, their supercaps also utilized liquid electrolytes and were therefore neither fully solid-state nor flexible.”In tests, the supercapacitor could be charged to more than 3 volts, which is beneficial for achieving a high energy density, or allowing more energy to be stored in a given volume. The supercapacitor’s other specifications – a specific capacitance of 13.15 F/g and a specific energy of 5.54 Wh/kg – are very similar to the values of commercial supercapacitors. Plus, its flexibility allows it to be bent for easy fitting into small spaces, which could make it useful for portable electronics as well as HEVs. The new supercapacitor’s biggest drawback is its high resistance, which results in a low overall power density and therefore a slow recharge rate. The researchers think the reason for the high resistance is due to the paper-nanotube electrodes, which have a higher resistance than metal electrodes. However, they predict that coating the cotton paper with a higher density nanotube solution can reduce the resistance, and they plan to work on this issue more in the future. (PhysOrg.com) — Scientists know that using supercapacitors in conjunction with batteries could greatly increase the fuel economy of hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) due to the fact that supercapacitors can recover and supply energy much more quickly than batteries. This ability, for example, allows a supercapacitor to recover all of the energy during hard braking, while a battery would allow the energy to be wasted in frictional braking due to its inability to quickly harvest energy. Copyright 2011 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com. Citation: Flexible, paper-based supercapacitor could improve performance of hybrid electric vehicles (2012, March 20) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-03-flexible-paper-based-supercapacitor-hybrid-electric.html “Batteries cannot rapidly harvest or supply energy,” Rajesh Rajamani, a mechanical engineering professor at the University of Minnesota, told PhysOrg.com. “When a vehicle has to brake quickly, frictional brakes have to be used in addition to electromagnetic brakes, because the electromagnetic brakes cannot charge a battery quickly enough to decelerate the vehicle as rapidly as the driver wants. Unlike batteries, a supercapacitor can harvest and supply energy very quickly.”However, one of the biggest challenges researchers face in implementing supercapacitors in HEVs is finding a place under the hood to fit the bulky devices. Part of the reason why supercapacitors are bulky is that they often use a hazardous liquid electrolyte that needs to be sealed and housed, and these protective materials add weight and volume to the devices. To avoid this problem, Rajamani and his colleagues Shan Hu from the University of Minnesota and Xun Yu from the University of North Texas have designed a supercapacitor that is completely solid-state, including a solid-state electrolyte that doesn’t require bulky protective materials. The new supercapacitor performs competitively with commercial supercapacitors, yet is thin and flexible enough that it could fit almost anywhere in an HEV, possibly even mounted on the inner surfaces of the vehicle’s body. The researchers published their study on the flexible, solid-state supercapacitors in a recent issue of Applied Physics Letters.“HEVs on the market today do not have supercapacitors,” Rajamani said. “Several research groups have been working on the use of supercapacitors together with batteries in HEVs to provide better fuel economy and faster vehicle response. Our research provides them a new supercapacitor that is flexible and solid-state and does not require space in the hood or the trunk.”The new solid-state supercapacitor consists of single-walled carbon nanotube-coated cotton paper as electrodes and a solid polymer as electrolyte. For the electrodes, the researchers used the cotton paper that is normally used for cosmetic facial masks, since it’s more lightweight and absorbent than printing paper. After cutting the cotton paper to the desired shape, the researchers repeatedly dipped the paper into a solution of acid-treated nanotubes, which bonded strongly to the paper. last_img read more

Physics team devises a way to make first undoped silicon nanowire gate

first_img Journal information: arXiv a) Schematic of a multi-gate device made from a single, undoped SiNW. Two wrap-gates, labeled as GS and GD, are designed to control the Schottky barriers at the silicidesilicon junctions formed by the source and drain contacts. The finger gate in the middle, labeled as GC, is meant to control carrier population in the silicon channel. b) SEM micrograph of the device. Scale bar: 400nm. Image: arXiv:1208.1465v1 For quite some time researchers have been looking for a way to create silicon nanowires that could be used in actual devices because they would be so much easier to make than having to use conventional photolithography, i.e. etching. They’ve been stymied however by one little problem. When trying to connect the tiny nanowires to the rest of the electronics, using metal contacts, they bump up against what is known as the Schottky barrier. This is where the electrons in the metal push back against those in the semiconductor allowing current to flow in only one direction; a feature that might be useful in some applications, but not when trying to build transistors or logic gates because of the need for rectification.To get around this problem, researchers have tended to use various doping techniques which have thus far proved unreliable because the dopants require precise placement at the nanoscale level, a difficult feat to achieve and which in most cases has led to variable levels of performance.The French team took another approach, instead of doping the materials, they instead applied a thin film of metal silicate to the nanowire at the point where it meets the metal contact, and that was all it took to prevent a Schottky barrier from occurring. With that problem solved, they then built a bipolar transistor and two types of diodes and eventually a NAND gate.Their approach will have to be further tested and analyzed by other research teams, of course, but their results are clearly promising. If everything works out as envisioned, we may very soon see nanowires being used in devices such as biosensors and optoelectronics. More information: Multifunctional Devices and Logic Gates With Undoped Silicon Nanowires, arXiv:1208.1465v1 [cond-mat.mes-hall] arxiv.org/abs/1208.1465AbstractWe report on the electronic transport properties of multiple-gate devices fabricated from undoped silicon nanowires. Understanding and control of the relevant transport mechanisms was achieved by means of local electrostatic gating and temperature dependent measurements. The roles of the source/drain contacts and of the silicon channel could be independently evaluated and tuned. Wrap gates surrounding the silicide-silicon contact interfaces were proved to be effective in inducing a full suppression of the contact Schottky barriers, thereby enabling carrier injection down to liquid-helium temperature. By independently tuning the effective Schottky barrier heights, a variety of reconfigurable device functionalities could be obtained. In particular, the same nanowire device could be configured to work as a Schottky barrier transistor, a Schottky diode or a p-n diode with tunable polarities. This versatility was eventually exploited to realize a NAND logic gate with gain well above one.via Arxiv Blog © 2012 Phys.org Citation: Physics team devises a way to make first undoped silicon nanowire gate (2012, August 10) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-08-physics-team-undoped-silicon-nanowire.htmlcenter_img Universal transistor serves as a basis to perform any logic function (Phys.org) — A team of French physicists working out of Universite Joseph Fourier, France, has found a way to create logic gates, transistors and diodes from silicon nanowires without having to resort to dopants (inserting another material into the original to change its electrical or optical properties). Their process, which they explain in the paper they’ve written and uploaded to the preprint server arXiv, involves applying a very thin layer of silicates at the juncture of metal and nanowires. Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

IEEE 80211ad approval steps up marketplace WiGig

first_img(Phys.org)—IEEE has adopted a new standard, 802.11ad, which marks the advent of 7Gbps wireless. The newly approved standard will be commercially known as WiGig, and the technology behind WiGig is seen as a step forward for wireless mobile use; data transfer rates will be over ten times the maximum speed previously enabled within the IEEE 802.11 standard. This involves fast speeds over short distances; the standard will deliver 7Gbps speeds over 60GHz frequencies. The IEEE announced that its standards board approved the 802.11ad for providing data rates up to 7 Gbps in an announcement this month. “This amendment is a perfect complement to the existing IEEE 802.11 standard,” said the announcement, “acting as the foundation for tri-band networking, wireless docking, wired equivalent data transfer rates and uncompressed streaming video.”That last point is noteworthy in understanding the impact of the new standard, as 802.11ad is not designed to serve as a replacement for consumers’ wireless networks; the new standard is designed to complement existing Wi-Fi by providing a fast, direct link between devices. The results would be seen in device docks and wireless peripheral interconnects.he IEEE 802.11ad “fast session transfer” feature enables wireless devices to seamlessly transition between the 60 GHz frequency band and 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz bands. The ability to move between the bands in this fashion carries the advantage of computing devices being “best connected.” They can operate with optimal performance and range.The new standard is expected to appear in consumer electronics next year. Wilocity, a developer of 60 GHz multi-gigabit wireless chipsets, which is on the WiGig Alliance board, has been talking about a first wave of products for consumers, including a Dell Ultrabook, and tri-band reference product. Wilocity and Dell announced a WiGig-enabled product, and the company has technology partnerships with Marvell and Qualcomm Atheros. QualComm and Wilocity launched their tri-band reference design that combines 802.11ac and 802.11ad wireless capabilities on a single module at CES 2013. Such modules will grant devices simultaneous access to 2.4-5GHz and 60GHz bands. Wilocity and Qualcomm Atheros’ Tri-band system allows Ultrabook users to connect to peripherals such as docks, displays and storage at multi-gigabit speeds, while maintaining standard Wi-Fi coverage throughout the enterprise. As for the Wilocity and Marvell partnership, Marvell chose Wilocity in order to accelerate Marvell’s deployment of WiGig-compliant wireless platforms for computing, networking infrastructure and consumer electronics.”IEEE 802.11 is undergoing a continuous process of refinement and innovation to address the evolving needs of the marketplace, and there is no better proof of that fact than IEEE 802.11ad,” said Bruce Kraemer, chair of the IEEE 802.11 Wireless LAN Working Group. “By migrating up to the next ISM band (60 GHz), we break ground on new spectrum for IEEE 802.11, enable an order of magnitude improvement in performance and enable usages that have never before been possible with existing IEEE 802.11—namely wireless docking and streaming video.” Explore further © 2013 Phys.org Marvell, Wilocity working on 60GHz 802.11ad wireless chipsets Citation: IEEE 802.11ad approval steps up marketplace WiGig (2013, January 18) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-01-ieee-80211ad-marketplace-wigig.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

Study shows plants appear able to forget memories when they are not

first_imgPlants grow and are cultivated in diverse and dynamic environments where they are exposed to a multitude of stressful factors. These environments challenge plants to balance acclimation, memory and recovery responses, as represented in this image where a fern is challenged to grow out of a stone wall atop Machu Picchu. Credit: Peter Crisp Prior research has shown that plants are able to ‘remember’ events such as droughts, so they will not have to go through the same process of learning to survive under such conditions if another drought occurs. Other studies have shown that the process involves DNA, because some plants are able to pass on such memories to their offspring—but how such memory passing was done was mostly unknown. In this new effort, the researchers report learning not only more about how such memory processing occurs, but also how plants are able to reset if conditions change such that a memory that has been learned that is no longer useful can be eliminated.The researchers found that in order for a plant to create a memory, it has to create a certain protein—one that will have an impact on its own DNA, which allows for impacting future generations. It is all part of a process called RNA decay, they report, where DNA strands are transcribed into RNA, before they are translated into proteins. It is the RNA decay process that controls the amount of RNA molecules that are to be tuned into proteins—any disruption to that process prevents a memory from being formed, they note, suggesting the means by which prior memories may be eliminated. Doing so is important , they add, because holding onto memories uses resources—if a plant seed is blown into an area where a drought will never occur, for example, than it should release the memory of how to contend with one, thus conserving its energy.The team notes too that some plants also appear to have a type of short-term memory that is not related to either DNA or RNA, but thus far it is not understood, primarily, because it has not yet been studied. © 2016 Phys.org (Phys.org)—A small team of researchers with Australian National University Canberra, has found evidence that suggests that plants are able to reset a memory that has not been proven to be useful, in essence, forgetting things after they have been stored. In their paper published in the journal Science Advances, the team describes genetic studies they undertook with plants and what they found as a result. Journal information: Science Advances More information: P. A. Crisp et al. Reconsidering plant memory: Intersections between stress recovery, RNA turnover, and epigenetics, Science Advances (2016). DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1501340 AbstractPlants grow in dynamic environments where they can be exposed to a multitude of stressful factors, all of which affect their development, yield, and, ultimately, reproductive success. Plants are adept at rapidly acclimating to stressful conditions and are able to further fortify their defenses by retaining memories of stress to enable stronger or more rapid responses should an environmental perturbation recur. Indeed, one mechanism that is often evoked regarding environmental memories is epigenetics. Yet, there are relatively few examples of such memories; neither is there a clear understanding of their duration, considering the plethora of stresses in nature. We propose that this field would benefit from investigations into the processes and mechanisms enabling recovery from stress. An understanding of stress recovery could provide fresh insights into when, how, and why environmental memories are created and regulated. Stress memories may be maladaptive, hindering recovery and affecting development and potential yield. In some circumstances, it may be advantageous for plants to learn to forget. Accordingly, the recovery process entails a balancing act between resetting and memory formation. During recovery, RNA metabolism, posttranscriptional gene silencing, and RNA-directed DNA methylation have the potential to play key roles in resetting the epigenome and transcriptome and in altering memory. Exploration of this emerging area of research is becoming ever more tractable with advances in genomics, phenomics, and high-throughput sequencing methodology that will enable unprecedented profiling of high-resolution stress recovery time series experiments and sampling of large natural populations.center_img Citation: Study shows plants appear able to forget memories when they are not useful (2016, February 22) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-02-memories.html Explore further Memory replay prioritizes high-reward memories This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

Using WiFi signals to perform analog wavebased computations

first_img Explore further Laboratory setup to test feasibility of analog computation with Wi-Fi waves in an indoor room. Credit: arXiv:1804.03860 [physics.class-ph] Journal information: Physical Review X A pair of researchers, one with the Langevin Institute, the other a company called Greenerwave, both in France, has developed a way to use ordinary Wi-Fi signals to perform analog, wave-based computations. In their paper published in the journal Physical Review X, Philipp del Hougne and Geoffroy Lerosey describe their experiments and what they represent. Team develops mathematical solver for analog computers Citation: Using Wi-Fi signals to perform analog, wave-based computations (2018, December 14) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-12-wi-fi-analog-wave-based.htmlcenter_img Computers represent information digitally, in ones and zeroes—but back in the early days of computing, there was discussion regarding the possibility of using analog processors. Even then, it was clear that such an approach would be less energy-intensive. But digital won out, and the rest is history. But that might not be the end of the story. As hardware engineers begin to run headlong into the limitations of Moore’s Law, some engineers have begun to take another look at analog processing.Analog processors make use of the amplitude in waves found in electronic circuits or in light waves. And instead of brute force crunching, they rely on waveform shaping, which is done with metamaterials. Early work with such materials showed that such processors could be highly efficient at matrix processing. But efforts to use such materials have run into difficulties due to fabrication issues. In this new effort, del Hougne and Lerosey demonstrate that some analog processors can be created via a simpler approach.In their experiments, the researchers created a box to simulate a home environment—one with four standard Wi-Fi routers. In the box, they included objects representing furniture and other household items. Next, they applied a panel made of 88 reflector mirrors to two adjacent walls in the box—each of the mirrors was capable of toggling between two states. In one state, the mirror would cause a 0° phase shift, in the other, a 180° phase shift. Finally, the researchers added a control box to run their experiments.The researchers sent the same standardized signal from all the Wi-Fi routers. They recorded multiple panel configurations to prime the system—doing so allowed them to characterize the scattering of the Wi-Fi signals and then to program the system to perform linear operations. And that allowed them to carry out a four-element Fourier transform.The researchers report that the processing was faster than it would have been using a digital computer, but was slowed by the initiation process. They suggest that adding as few as 30 inputs to such a system would make it more efficient than a digital system. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. More information: Philipp del Hougne et al. Leveraging Chaos for Wave-Based Analog Computation: Demonstration with Indoor Wireless Communication Signals, Physical Review X (2018). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevX.8.041037, On Arxiv: https://arxiv.org/abs/1804.03860 © 2018 Science X Networklast_img read more

Paper leisure

first_imgYou know a book with a lot of pictures?’ I tried to explain to my father. ‘So like books for kids?’ my father added, not very helpfully. ‘No! A picture book for adults!’ I said exasperated. ‘Ok, that makes sense,’ my father says finally, ‘So that is what a coffee table book is!’Wikipedia defines a coffee table book as – A coffee table book is an oversized, usually hard-covered book whose place is for display on a table intended for use in an area in which one would entertain guests and from which it can act to inspire conversation. Subject matter is predominantly non-fiction and pictorial or a photo-book. Pages consist mainly of photographs and illustrations, accompanied by captions and small blocks of text, as opposed to long prose. Since they are aimed at anyone who might pick the book up for a light read, the analysis inside is often more basic and with less jargon than other books on the subject. Because of this, the term ‘coffee table book’ can be used pejoratively to indicate a superficial approach to the subject. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Coffee table books have captured the imagination of the publishing universe, making ways for photographers to join in to the fray of ‘authors’ of sorts as topics are taken to create these hard bound books of great visual pleasure and some informative ones as well. From biographies of actors, musicians, artistes to art forms to history and even  food and fashion are in integral part of the list of subjects as far as coffee table books are concerned. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixBecause of the quality of print, paper and perhaps the degree of curation that goes in to the creation of these books, the prices are well above normal hardcover fiction or even non-fiction. Assuming that the content is mostly visual and the information is more in the form of easy captions than detailed paragraphs – what makes this form of ‘literature’ worth their money?The main driving force behind such books can perhaps explain that quasi-economic query of ours. David R. Brower, sometimes credited with inventing the modern coffee table book, had the idea for a series of books that combined nature photography and writings on nature, with, as he put it, ‘a page size big enough to carry a given image’s dynamic. The eye must be required to move about within the boundaries of the image, not encompass it all in one glance.’ A coffee table book, therefore, is never a literary addition to a table. It is art. And art has more value than a paperback.Delving in to a world of coffee table books, we browsed through four very intriguing ones. Here’s a sneak peek.Spice Story(Niyogi Books, Rs 1500)Written by Hugh and Colleen Gantzer and with a foreword by Dr MS Swaminathan, Spice Story takes you through all the spices that we have grown up with. The chilies, the cardamoms, cinnamon, fenugreek, cloves, turmeric right to the fancy vanilla, mint and the saffron. The books traces the history of each condiment explaining how it is made and how it came to be discovered and used. The authors call spices the ‘secret ambassadors’. ‘Historically, mankind called on them to celebrate victories, enhance their myriad faiths in rapture of holy smoke, even to enter the bridal chamber and bring fragrance and flavours to the start of a life-long relationship.’Kaavad Tradition of Rajasthan: A Portable Pilgrimage (Niyogi Books, Rs 1495)The Kaavad of Rajasthan is portable shrine with multiple doors that fold into themselves. The Kaavadiya Bhat or the storyteller, journeys with the brightly painted wooden box to the homes of his patrons, to recite their genealogies and to regale them with the stories of their pantheon of deities. Authored by Nina Sabnani and with a foreword by BN Goswamy, this book unfolds the tradition of the Kaavad with beautiful pictures, tracing the story, the trajectory and also what lies next for this magical box of stories.Rajasthan: Exploring Painted Shekhawati (Niyogi Books, Rs 2995)Cycling into rarely visited  northern Rajasthan, in tiny desert towns, author Ilay Cooper discovers impressive buildings, their walls covered with vibrant paintings. Fascinated he explores further to find that the main painted towns lie in the now defunct administrative district of Shekhawati. 10 years of research makes for a documented record under the commission of Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage (INTACH). Cooper is joined by local teacher Ravindra Sharma and through their two-and-a-half years of adventures, the duo describe and document 2,260 buildings across Shekhawati. The unpublished writings and drawings of Colonel Lockett and Lieutentant Boileau, who crossed Shekhawati in 1831, come to light via Cooper’s research. The book traces the history behind the paintings in Shekhawati – a military mission that lead to an artistic one!Temple Architecture and Art of the Early Chalukyas (Niyogi Books, Rs 2500)The temples of the early Chalukyas dating from the 6th to the 8th century, are unrivalled in all of India for their dates of creation and unusually complete conditions. Written by George Michell and brought to life by the photographs of Surendra Kumar, this book brings to life the beauty of these monuments that despite their outstanding significance in both history and architecture,  have lacked a publication that does justice to their artistry.last_img read more

Meat from carcasses seized in Budge Budge tests underway

first_imgKolkata: In a major development in the investigation of meat retrieved from carcasses of animals in Budge Budge, South 24-Parganas, the Diamond Harbour police district, in association with Kolkata Police, conducted a raid at two preservation units of such meat at Rajabazar in Kolkata and arrested as many as six persons associated with supply and sale of the meat of dead animals.The sleuths had arrested two persons a few days ago, on charges of carrying meat retrieved from carcasses of animals, left to decompose in a dumping ground in Budge Budge. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flights”We interrogated one Sunny Mallick – the kingpin of the racket, who was arrested a few days ago by our team in Bihar and pursuing his statement, a raid was conducted at two cold storage-cum-processing units at Rajabazar, under Narkeldanga police station area on Wednesday night. We have recovered 1,000 packets of processed meat, weighing around 20 tonnes. The two units from which the packets were recovered, have been sealed,” said Koteshwara Rao, superintendent of Diamond Harbour police district. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedSleuths informed that after processing the meat in the cold storage facility, it used to be packaged and then supplied to different places. The fat in the meat was removed first and then it was processed, so that the stuff could be preserved for longer durations.Pursuing the statement of Sunny, the district police formed three teams and arrested six persons from Tangra and Alipore in Kolkata, Bhatpara, Kalyani, Jagaddal in North 24-Parganas and Sonarpur in South 24-Parganas. “We will conduct forensic test of the seized meat to ascertain which animal (or animals) it belongs to,” Rao said.Elaborating on the modus operandi of the racket, a senior police officer informed that they had engaged informers at the dumping grounds, who would inform them as soon as a dead animal was dumped there. The animal was then collected from that place and transported to Rajabazar for storage and processing.Meanwhile, the samples of cooked meat picked up by officials of the Health department of Kolkata Municipal Corporation during their raid in the last few days, will be sent to the state Forensic Science Laboratory for examination. “We have our own laboratory but it does not have the infrastructure to ascertain the nature of the meat, whether it is of cow, goat, or any other animal. We are sending it to the state Forensic Science Laboratory,” Member, Mayor-in-Council (Health) Atin Ghosh said.A KMC Health department official said that they had consulted some private laboratories for forensic test, but they had said that the examination process will take a long time. “We want to have the reports as early as possible,” the official said.last_img read more

Fake Indian currency of face value Rs 982 lakh seized in Bengal

first_imgKolkata: The Border Security Force (BSF) has seized fake Indian currency notes of face value Rs 9.82 lakh from a Bangladeshi national in West Bengal’s North 24 Parganas district, an official said on Sunday. Acting on specific information, the BSF officials raided Halderpara village on Saturday and apprehended one Mohammed Sukur Ali, 41, seized the fake currency notes being smuggled from India to Bangladesh. “The patrol party chased him and managed to apprehend him. 491 fake currency notes in denomination of Rs 2000 were found on him. The notes were wrapped with plastic and kept in a bag,” Prabhat Kumar Singh, Deputy Inspector General of BSF’s South Bengal Frontier said in a statement. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal life Indian currency amounting to Rs 5,440, two mobile phones, two SIM cards and his passport were also seized. “The apprehended person revealed his identity as Mohammed Sukur Ali, 41, of Chapainawabganj district in Bangladesh. The BSF has handed over Ali, and the items seized from him, to Gaighata police station for further legal action,” he said. The BSF’s South Bengal Frontier has so far this year seized fake Indian currency notes of face value Rs 34.48 lakh, and apprehended six smugglers.last_img read more

Interstate bike theft racket busted

first_imgDarjeeling: The Alipurduar police got a major breakthrough in an inter-state bike theft racket with the arrest of eight persons. As many as four stolen bikes were also recovered.”Recently six bike theft cases were registered under Shamuktala, Jaigaon and Alipurduar police stations in the district. We have recovered four bikes,” stated Sunil Kumar Yadav, Superintendent of Police, Alipurduar. While investigating the cases, one Prasanjit Das, alias Bhuttu, was arrested from Pakriguri under Kumargram police station. He revealed the name of one Mithun Burman who was then arrested. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeBased on information received from the duo, six others were arrested including the kingpin — Phani Sarkar from Pundibari, Cooch Behar. The arrested were produced at the Alipurduar Court on Monday. The police had prayed for 14 days of remand. The Court remanded the arrested to 10 days of police custody. “The bikes were being used for all sorts of illegal activities in lower Assam area including timber smuggling. The arrested were in contact with some militants as well but have not revealed their identities yet,” claimed the SP. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedThe stolen bikes were usually taken to Assam but not re-registered. Then they were used in remote areas where there wasn’t any police or RTO checkings. They were being used for all sorts of illegal activities. “We are in constant touch with our counterparts in Assam. A stolen pick-up truck has also been traced through the engine and chassis number. It is in the custody of the Forest department in Assam. We will get a court order to retrieve it,” added Yadav.last_img read more

The high price of being a nice woman Less salary

first_imgLadies, please take note. The nicer or more agreeable you are at work, the lower your salary is likely to be, says a study.Dominant, assertive women, who clearly express their expectations and do not retreat from their demands, are compensated better than their more accommodating female peers, the study found.“We found that women aren’t aware that more agreeable women are being punished for being nice,” said one of the researchers Michal Biron from the University of Haifa in Israel. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf“The nice women we polled in our study even believed they were earning more than they deserved,” Biron added.The same goes for dominant men versus their more conciliatory male counterparts, but even dominant women earn far less than their male colleagues, dominant or otherwise, the researchers said.The research, published in The European Journal of Work and Organisational Psychology, examined status inconsistencies between men and women through the lens of traditional male and female characteristics.For the purpose of their study, the researchers surveyed 375 men and women at a Dutch multinational electronics company with 1,390 employees.  Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveThe participants were selected at random from all 12 of the company departments.The researchers used both objective and subjective criteria for the study. For objective data, they analysed tenure, education and performance data relative to income and promotion statistics. “We found that women were consistently and objectively status-detracted, which means they invest more of themselves in their jobs than they receive and are compensated less than their male colleagues across the board,” Biron said.For subjective data, they examined how the individual perceived the fit between their education, experience and performance on the one hand, and their income and rank on the other.last_img read more

12member panel to draw up TMCs poll strategy

first_imgKolkata: A 12-member committee has been formed under the directions of Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee comprising several ministers inorder to determine strategies for the upcoming Lok Sabha elections, the party’s secretary general Partha Chatterjee said on Sunday.The committee would look at the applications by aspiring candidates and forward a short list to Banerjee, he told reporters here. The members are Partha Chatterjee, Subrata Bakshi, Abhishek Banerjee, Subrata Mukherjee, Firhad Hakim, Aroop Biswas, Chandrima Bhattacharya, Shashi Panja, Malay Ghatak, Jyotipriyo Mallick, Suvendu Adhikari and Derek O’ Brien. Also Read – Bose & Gandhi: More similar than apart, says Sugata BoseThe committee will prepare the blueprint for the election campaign and get it ratified by Banerjee. He said in the last meeting of the party, she had sought the bio-data of those who were willing to fight the elections. Chatterjee said the vandalism of the BJP that is causing serious disturbance to the peaceful atmosphere in Bengal will be the main highlight during the poll campaign. “In the name of “Sankalpa yatra” they have taken the “sankalpa” (pledge) to destabilise Bengal. They are spreading hate politics and trying to incite one community against the other,” he said. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataChatterjee also added: “In the name of “Sankalpa yatra”, the BJP supporters tried to create trouble in Kolkata and incite one community against the other.” He maintained that the BJP had no political agenda in Bengal except stalling the development projects taken up by Banerjee. “Despite the huge loan burden, the Mamata Banerjee government has carried out all-round development in Bengal. The BJP has become jealous and is trying to stall it. But their venture will not be effective as the people have seen the development that has taken place.” The minister further said that the Trinamool Congress works with the people throughout the year and this is the USP of the party. “The BJP leaders who are coming to Bengal and flying back to Delhi after attending rallies do not have any ground in Bengal and that is why they have to find out space where their helicopters can land,” he said, adding: “The people in Bengal know that they get Trinamool leaders by their side throughout the year and this is the main strength of the party.” He also added that the leaders would go to the people and request them to maintain cool and not to get swayed by rumours or any attempt to divide them. “BJP has failed to understand the political heritage of Bengal. We believe in communal harmony and peace and any attempt to disturb it will be foiled by the people.” Sunday’s ‘Sankalp yatra’ bike rally is a part of the BJP’s countrywide pre-poll exercise to establish connect with the masses. BJP workers clashed with the police in several places of the state while taking part in the rally. “These attempts will be dealt with strongly by the administration,” Chatterjee said.last_img read more

Fake export racket busted at Petrapole border 6 held

first_imgKolkata: Directorate of Revenue Intelligence (DRI) has unearthed a fake export racket and nabbed six persons from Petrapole border at Bongaon in North 24-Parganas.According to sources, sleuths had recently got a tip that a racket was being operated by some people where some customs officials were also involved. The racket had prepared false export documents like forged purchase orders, forged export invoices and procurement papers, which were used for filing up the shipping bills in Petrapole Customs office. The bills were processed for exports on paper only. The actual goods were not shown physically. Also Read – Bose & Gandhi: More similar than apart, says Sugata BoseSources informed that the racket had approximately 51 such fraudulent shipping bills, where goods like pan masala, two wheeler spare parts, three wheeler spare parts and items eligible for higher GST refunds worth Rs 24 crore were shown to have been exported on paper. But the actual goods exported were worth approximately Rs 12 crore. In the documents, the seals of Bangladesh government were also present, which are suspected to be false. During the raid conducted on Friday, DRI sleuths arrested six persons identified as Sujit Swarnakar, Sajal Swarnakar, Dipankar Pal, Suvankar Pal, Arjun Adhikary and Prosenjit Das of Bongaon, who had played a major role in the fraud at Petrapole. Sleuths have found that several customs officers posted at Petrapole are also involved with the racket. Information regarding their involvement was provided to the Customs department, following which five customs officials have been suspended.last_img read more

Two persons arrested for kidnapping youth

first_imgKolkata: Two persons have been arrested by the officers of Baguiati police station for allegedly abducting a youth and demanding ransom.Later, police came to know that the accused persons had some business relation with the victim. The duo has been produced before the Barasat Court and was remanded to police custody for three days. According to the police, on Tuesday morning, Shaikh Rafik Ali lodged a complaint at the Baguiati police station against an unknown person who called him on his mobile phone and stated that he has kidnapped his son Kawsar Ali. The unidentified caller demanded Rs 15 lakh in lieu of which Kawsar will be released, Rafik Ali said. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataAli informed the police that on Monday morning around 11 am, his son Kawsar, who deals in second hand cars, left home. But he did not return on his usual time. None of his family could reach him on his mobile phone. On Monday around 9:20 pm, Rafik Ali received a ransom call. Following his statement sleuths started tracking Kawsar’s mobile phone’s tower location. During Kawsar’s mobile phone’s call records scrutiny sleuths got hold of some mobile numbers. Also, tracking procedure showed that Kawsar’s mobile tower location matched with those mobile phone’s location till it was switched off. During investigation, sleuths came to know that Sariful Mondal, the prime suspect, whose name cropped up when the mobile numbers were scrutinised, had some business relation with Kawsar. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in statePolice came to know that Kawsar had borrowed money from Sariful. Police located Sariful through mobile phone’s tower location and nabbed him. After interrogating Sariful police arrested another accused person identified as Arun Mondal of Asoknagar and rescued Kawsar. A SUV was also seized which was used to abduct Kawsar. During preliminary interrogation, officers came to know that Kawsar was not returning Sariful’s money. Thus he hatched the plan to abduct him and recover the same. But it is not clear that how much money Kawsar had borrowed from him. Both the accused will be interrogated after during their police remand. Apart from that, Kawsar was also produced before the same court for recording of his judicial statement.last_img read more

Nonfixation of minimum wages closed gardens main poll issues in Bengal tea

first_imgKolkata: Non-fixation of minimum wages for workers and closed tea gardens are the main factors during the first two phases of Lok Sabha elections in West Bengal to be held in the state’s tea belt. The tea belt is located in Darjeeling, Terai and Dooars region of North Bengal where 3 lakh odd permanent workers are employed in around 300 gardens. The Terai and Dooars regions consist of the districts of Jalpaiguri, Alipurduar, Darjeeling and Coochbehar districts of West Bengal and a part of Assam. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: Mamata Polling in Coochbehar and Alipurduar seats would be held on April 11 and while Jalpaiguri, Darjeeling and Raiganj constituencies would go to polls on April 18. Trade union leaders who owe allegiance to various political parties said they have been demanding implementation of minimum wages in tea gardens for long but the issue has not been resolved. Tea industry sources said the issue was deliberated at length in the minimum wage advisory committee formed by the state government, but it has not been finalised. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in state Submissions to the advisory board on minimum wage had been made by both the employers and trade unions, and now the ball is in the court of the government, the sources said. Ziaul Alam, convenor of the joint forum of 29 trade unions in the tea belt spearheaded by the CITU, alleged that the Trinamool Congress government betrayed the sentiments of the tea workers by not giving them minimum wages. Sources said the largest tea growing state, Assam, had also not decided on the implementation of minimum wages. “Taking a cue from this, the government of West Bengal has adopted a wait and watch approach,” the sources said. Alam said, “The overall economic situation in the tea gardens was not healthy and the workers were unable to strike a balance between income and expenditure due to rising prices of essential items of daily use.” Presently, tea garden workers in West Bengal are given a cash benefit of Rs 176 per day besides other non-cash benefits like ration. Mani Kumar Dhamal of the INTUC and Sankar Das of Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh (BMS), the trade union wing of the RSS, also felt that non-fixation of the minimum wages for tea garden workers would be a deciding factor in this elections. The other major factor which could come at play at the polls is the issue of closed gardens. Dhamal claimed that both the BJP and the Trinamool Congress had promised to re-open closed tea gardens but that did not happen. Sources said there were 16-17 closed gardens affecting nearly 24,000 employees. Dhamal said, “In the absence of any policy, it is not known how the closed tea gardens will be reopened.” This, he said, had cast a fear in the minds of the workers of these gardens and they have started migrating to South India and other places. “There is no job security in the tea belt,” he said. Industry sources said, since the land on which the gardens are located was given on lease by the government and not freehold, it was difficult to implement land-based panchayat schemes like the Indira Awas Yojana. TMC’s Darjeeling candidate Amar Singh Rai said minimum wage is definitely an issue which needs to be resolved. “The tea garden workers are in distress and there is a need to fix the minimum wage,” he said adding that he would raise the issue in the appropriate forum, if elected. Das claimed that the mood is in favour of the BJP now as the party had done a good job in Darjeeling. In the last Lok Sabha polls, S S Ahluwalia of the BJP won from Darjeeling Parliamentary constituency with the backing of the Gorkha Janmukti Morcha, the major local force. However, this time the saffron party fielded Raju Singh Bista.last_img read more

Ahead of 6th phase CPIM leaders urge party workers to stop working

first_imgKolkata: In a desperate bid to stop the CPI(M) rank and file from voting in favour of BJP, the party’s leaders have appealed to them to work for Left Front nominees.Recently, party higher-ups received the information that some cadres and local leaders were helping BJP candidates in seats where Front partners are contesting in the polls. It may be mentioned that for quite some time, Trinamool Congress supremo Mamata Banerjee has alleged that CPI(M), BJP and Congress are working hand-in-hand against Trinamool and her apprehension seems to have come true now. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: Mamata”Do not vote for BJP candidates to counter Trinamool and do not repeat the mistake we did in Tripura,” said a veteran CPI(M) leader at a meeting in the North Kolkata Lok Sabha seat on Thursday. The matter came to the limelight after the bosses in Alimuddin Street got the information that in the past five phases, in many areas the party’s rank and file have helped the BJP contenders. As a matter of fact, local CPI(M) leaders had supplied polling agents in many booths where BJP could not field its polling agents, in the seats from where Front allies were contesting. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in stateIn the sixth phase, CPI candidates Biplab Bhattacharya and Tapan Ganguly are contesting from the Midnapore and Ghatal Lok sabha seats, while Bir Singh Mahato is contesting from Purulia. Election in these seats will be held on Sunday. In Keshiari, Dantan and Midnapore areas, which are said to be CPI(M) strongholds and fall under the Midnapore Lok Sabha seat, party leaders apprehend that the rank and file will work for BJP and supply the election agents for the saffron party. Similarly in Ghatal and Purulia Lok sabha seats, local CPI(M) leaders have engaged the whole engineering machinery in favour of the BJP candidates. Leaders in Alimuddin Street reportedly got the information that in Burdwan East and Burdwan-Durgapur seats, where election was held on April 29, many party supporters had voted for BJP candidates. A veteran CPI(M) leader apprehended that in the first phase, when election was held in Alipurduar and Cooch Behar, some party workers might have voted for BJP candidates as in both the seats, Forward Bloc and RSP candidates had contested. In South 24-Parganas, RSP workers alleged that they practically did not receive any help from the CPI(M) workers who are working for the BJP candidate. Subhas Naskar of RSP is the candidate from the Joynagar (SC) seat, where election will be held on May 19.last_img read more

A flea market ring picked up for 13 was sold for 850000

first_imgWhether you’re in the search of a Boho vintage dress, a unique belt buckle, or maybe even a cute vase for your collection of trinkets, any flea market is the place to be. Everyone is looking for their own great deal. But one English lady unknowingly picked out something quite remarkable at a “car boot sale” at West Middlesex Hospital, London, in the 1980s. What she believed to be a piece of costume jewelry made the headlines 30 years later. It was just a regular Sunday sale when the woman bought a ring she fancied for £10 ($13). She wore that ring for the next 30 years, shopping, working, running errands, until she discovered, to her astonishment, it was actually set with a 26-carat diamond that was cut in the 19th century.At the beginning of June 2017, the “Tenner” ring went under the hammer at Sotheby’s Fine Jewels sale in London. The final bid of £656,750 ($849,740) was double it’s estimated price. According to the BBC, the woman wished to stay anonymous and as the head of Sotheby’s London jewelry department, Jessica Wyndham, said: “She wore the ring every day oblivious of its real worth.”The stone was confirmed by the Gemological Institute of America as a genuine diamond.The ring was placed in a bundle of low priced trinkets when she bought it. She never for a moment suspected it could be real diamond because it’s appearance wasn’t sparkly enough.So, no one bothered to find out anything extra about this possession until one day a jeweler laid his eyes on it. Reportedly, the woman was told that the ring looks to be more valuable than a regular costume ring and the jeweler suggested she took it for further examination at Sotheby’s.A finely shaped diamond sparkles in the light. Photo by Steve Jurvetson CC BY 2.0At the jewelry department, Wyndham and her colleagues were quite excited by the size and unique geometric chevron design of the cushion-shaped stone. They strongly suspected that they were looking at a genuine old cut diamond, however it’s authenticity needed to be verified by a formal analysis.Old cut diamonds were crafted by hand, working with the natural shape and alignment of the rock.Sotheby’s passed the ring over to the Gemological Institute of America to confirm their assumption. The 26.27 carat diamond was cut in a typical 19th century style that didn’t reflect as much light as modern cut diamonds. Gems from this era have a deep and warm finish that reflect the light in a different way than the brilliantly polished surface of modern cut diamonds. The appearance of these diamonds might seem to glow rather than sparkle, but definitely shine with beauty and individuality.Related Video: Divers Stumble Upon 2,000 ‘Priceless’ Gold Coins“With an old style of cutting, an antique cushion shape, the light doesn’t reflect back as much as it would from a modern stone cutting,” Wyndham told Business Insider. “Cutters worked more with the natural shape of the crystal, to conserve as much weight rather than make it as brilliant as possible.”Modern cut diamonds reflect the light with a captivating brilliance.Except for the date of its origin, not much more is known about the history of the diamond ring. Wyndham explained that when a diamond is mentioned today, people mostly think of modern cuts, of brilliance, while this “flea market ring” was cut into a vintage style and its mount had darkened over time.Rough diamondThe identity of the ring’s buyer was not revealed by Sotheby’s, however, they said that the ring did not become a new collectible of a private collector but was purchased as international trade. Tobias Kormind, a diamond expert and managing director of 77 Diamonds, predicted that the ring’s final selling price of $847,667 may be increased by cutting it as a modern diamond. He told CNN Style: “I’m convinced the $13 ring was once owned by royalty or a person of great wealth, because it originates from the 1800s — before the discovery of modern diamond mines and a time when very few diamonds were available.”White engagement ring on the beach.This astounding diamond find is not the first item to be regarded as run-of-the-mill that was later revealed to be a real treasure. Similarly undervalued objects have been found at flea markets around the world in the past.Read another story from us:The advertising campaign that made the diamond industryCNN Style tells the story of a yard sale in 2013 when a ceramic bowl was purchased for $3 but later sold for $2.2 million at an auction in New York. Also, a real Faberge egg, once owned by Tsar Alexander III, was sold as scrap metal but then sold for $33 million.last_img read more

The Biggest Typo in Church History Produced the Wicked Bible

first_imgWords have power. They can change someone’s world. The absence of one three-lettered word that appeared, or rather, did not appear, in 1,000 copies of the Bible from the 17th century cost the publisher their right of printing, and almost their lives. The so-called “Wicked Bible” went public in 1631, in times when people were just starting to have their own copies of the sacred book at home.In it, the word “not” was found missing at a crucial place. One of the ten commandments looked intoxicated — it read “thou shalt commit adultery.” The Adulterous Bible and Sinner’s Bible stuck as two more names to this infamous edition. Exodus 20 had never looked more sinful.The title page of The Wicked Bible.The error was made by English royal printers Robert Barker and Martin Lucas. The absence of “not” went officially unnoticed for a whole year, but then the publishers were summoned to face their consequences.Thankfully King Charles I’s desire to execute the pair was not carried through, but the court stripped them of permission to work in the printing business, and the publishers were required to pay a fine of £300 (equivalent to about $56,500 today).The typographical error.It must have been an extremely unpleasant situation for Barker, whose reputation was tarnished overnight and he was never able to find a steady job. He ended up in prison, where he was found dead in 1645.The editorial blunder could have been merely a typographical error. But it could also have been a plot by their rivals in the publishing world of 17th century London. The details of the scandal are dim, but there were people like Bonham Norton who might have wanted to disgrace Barker’s name.King Charles I after original by van Dyck.Supporting the theory that this was an act of sabotage are a number of other “naughty” errors in the Wicked Bible. In Deuteronomy 5:24 of the 1631 edition, the “greatness” of God is written as “great-asse,” which raises suspicion it was not accidental, according to The Atlantic.Almost all 1,000 copies of the Wicked Bible were recalled and destroyed.The ‘Judas Bible’ in St Mary’s Church, Totnes, Devon, UK. This is a copy of the second folio edition of the Authorized Version, printed by Robert Barker, Printer to King James I, in 1613, and given to the church for the use of the Mayor of Totnes. This edition is known as the Judas Bible because in Matthew c26 v36 ‘Judas’ appears instead of ‘Jesus.’ In this copy the mistake (in red circle) is corrected with a slip of paper pasted over the misprint.Only nine copies made it through the purge. Most of them are stored in libraries today as samples of rare Bible editions.One copy of this rare book was auctioned in the U.K. by Bonhams, in 2015. It sold for £31,250 (roughly $40,000), but this is far from being the record-holder for most expensive Bible. A copy of the original Gutenberg Bible, assumed to be one of only 180 remaining, was sold at Christie’s for an astonishing $4.9 million in 1987 — blunders-free, hopefully.A paper codex of the acclaimed 42-line Bible, Gutenberg’s major work. Photo by NYC Wanderer CC BY SA 2.0For some critics, it is intriguing why the sale of the Wicked Bible stirred so much attention.Diana Severance from Houston’s Dunham Bible Museum has raised awareness of several other Bible goofs. One of them is the 18th century “Vinegar Bible” which renamed Luke 20: 9-19, The Parable of the Vineyard, as The Parable of the Vinegar.The Treacle Bible opened at the page of the eponymous curiosity. St Mary’s Church, Banbury.But as Severance explains for The Atlantic, people deem the Wicked Bible funnier than the Vinegar Bible, as the first “speaks to their sinfulness.”The Guardian’s David Shariatmadari gives us even more absurd examples of error-prone Bibles. Another King James version as of 1795 reads “Let the children first be killed.” The “awkward” mistake as Shariatmadari reports occurs in Mark 7:27. It should correctly read: “Let the children first be filled.”Read another story from us: Europe’s Oldest Book Was Found in the Tomb of a SaintIn 1682 they also wrote “If the latter husband ate her” instead of “If the latter husband hate her.” It’s Deuteronomy 24:3. Shariatmadari says this is the Cannibal’s Bible.It’s no joke messing with the Bible.last_img read more

It would be idiotic for Adrian Peterson to take one snap in

first_img “Think the guys working construction jobs in the summer heat or people working at fast food restaurants for minimum wage would consider it a burden to run around on a practice field in no pads at OTAs? Or lift weights and prepare for the season ahead in training camp while being paid millions of dollars?”In The Herd today, Colin said preseason workouts make no sense for veterans, especially running backs like Peterson, who have limited time left in their career.“Running backs are not leaders. Adrian Peterson defies logic. When it comes to certain positions like Adele, and Adrian Peterson, and J. J. Watt, and Cam Newton, and Richard Sherman, be selfish. You’ve got a limited amount of high notes, you have a limited amount of carries. Adrian Peterson is at the part of his career now, where I would argue, where more practice reps  actually hurt him.”The one thing that would tick off laborers across the country more than Adrian Peterson missing OTA’s, is if he tore his ACL in a meaningless preseason practice and couldn’t play on their fantasy team.Check out this Adrian Peterson highlight video (does not include any preseason highlights). Advertisement Adrian Peterson is 31 years old and coming off another remarkable 1,500 yard, 11 touchdown season. Peterson has carried the Vikings franchise on his back for the last decade like Beyonce carried Destiny’s Child.In a recent interview with ESPN, Peterson said that he still feels great, but the grind of the preseason and mini camps, considering his age, could be a factor in his eventual retirement.“Training camp, going through the grind, OTA’s and all that, that will definitely be the deciding factor. Physically, I’ll be good. It’s just mentally. It’s so repetitive that it’s more suited to the young guys. It gets kind of boring.”Peterson’s comments prompted an article from former Tennessee Titans GM Jeff Diamond article in the Sporting News, eviscerating Peterson for his comments. Diamond thinks that Peterson missing OTA’s is disrespecting the game because construction workers work in the heat or something.last_img read more